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Governments And Internet Censorship
Today the internet is used for education, activism, and even for spreading ideas. In most cases, it is very useful and through which we can get benefited. But in some situations, it may become a threat to authoritarian governments. This is the main reason some of the countries in the world have decided to strictly censor websites, communication, and content. Bu internet censorship is a threat to democracy. It is against freedom of expression. But, in some countries, strictest controls have been implemented against this freedom. But, there are some measures implemented for citizens and we need to understand how citizens can get around them.
Internet censorship – How is it done?
There are plenty of ways to censor the internet. There are some extreme examples like North Korea. Here the majority of the population cannot access the internet. But there is a small portion of the society that has given access to the internet. But, even they have very strict rules and tightly controlled intranet. So, this system has made average citizens impossible to access the free internet.
There are mainly two ways used for this censor. One is content filtering and the other is site blocking. When these measures are taken, the websites are completely blocked. Through these techniques, it is possible to suppress the instances of criticism of the regime. Along with that they block resistance movements and ban ideas as well as content that may deem inappropriate. They complete stopping the flow of any information when during political turmoil and in other conditions.
There are algorithms available for blocking sites. So, websites can be either blocked manually or they can be automatically blocked using these algorithms. An algorithm can detect controversial material and stops that website respectively. A website can be blocked permanently or on a dynamic basis. In some countries, governments block content only during political scandals and elections. Governments even block the sites just to avoid harm to the regime in such conditions.
Countries with internet censorship
Almost all countries have some level of censorship on the internet. But here is a list of countries which have made very strictest systems for preventing citizens from accessing the internet available in the country freely.
Even though China has widespread access to the internet, it has the most extensive and advanced censorship systems. Chinese have no access to most of the foreign websites. There is no access given to Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, and Wikipedia. But, many tightly controlled platforms are owned by China. They have their own Youku Tudou and We Chat. Baidu is their search engine. But only thing is, these platforms have strict controls and the content in them is completely restricted compared to their western counterparts. So, that hampers the complete flow of information on most of the important topics.
Based on the opinion given by researchers, WeChatScope, China has restricted information regarding US sanctions against ZTE, China-US trade war, and information on the arrest of Huawei’s CFO in Canada. These are some of the taboo topics but there is more. Along with blocking information on these types of topics, China also has measures taken on blocking sites and content filtering. Through these measures, they are successfully preventing protests and even jail dissidents.
Of course, China has the best and advanced censorship system but, when it comes to limited access to the internet North Korea is in the first place. This country is completely insular and it is not easy to find several users using the internet here. Even for specific institutions and elite classes, the internet is completely limited.
But, the good thing is the majority of the North Koreans have access to mobile phones. But, the majority of them are not connected to the internet. Even when people have access to the internet, they can only access Kwangmyong, a national intranet. This intranet works between universities for sharing information. They can share their libraries. Along with that intranet may also work between government departments and for some locally hosted websites. The content available is completely restricted and most of it is infused with propaganda.
Till recently this country had very strict rules on internet access. But in 2015 they took a few steps and now there are Wi-Fi hotspots available for public. In 2018 they even introduced 3G. Today, Cubans are accessing the internet from their own devices through their data plans. But, when compared to their average salary even today internet is very costly in Cuba. More than that, they have strict censorship in place. There are blocks against bloggers and publishers on covering the human rights of Cuba. None of the content can comment or criticize the political system. But, good thing is, most of the foreign outlets are permitted.
Cuba has allowed social media platforms like WhatsApp and Facebook. But, Skype doesn’t work in Cuba and there is some strange reason behind it. Cubans can access the Tor network. So, people who can afford the internet can get away from the restrictions.
These are some of the governments who have taken measures about censorship of the internet. Along with these, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Vietnam have also applied censorship to some extent.…
Top News Websites on the Internet
Reading news over the internet changed the rules for news, journalists and most newspapers. Top newspapers work along with the fast-moving world, by involving themselves with technology. Technology changed the ways how news industry was running. Now, digital marketing, data analyst and many more are involved in the industry. In the past decade, many news websites came over only to dominate the traditional newspapers arriving at doorsteps every morning. Here are the top news websites which have evolved to provide news from all over the world.
Buzzfeed is an online platform, originally introduced as a news sharing site. The craze made BuzzFeed a worldwide website to watch updated news within seconds of uploading. In recent years their investment in investigative journalism won prestigious awards. This made Buzzfeed officially one of the best news websites.
Google news works on connecting the latest news from various websites and presents the links. Yet, people prefer it to an individual news website. It allows people to know which website first released particular news. It has various categories from local news to international news.
Yahoo News works similar to Google news. The news is released within yahoo news from different sources. Detailed pinned down news is obtained, allowing readers to choose the topmost news which interests them. The reader’s point of view is largely considered making it the most preferable news among others.
Also known as the largest broadcasting, British broadcasting corporation shook the world with unpredictable news many times. The trust among people with BBC news is a prestige it’s carrying for 90 years.
CNN is officially rated one of the most visited news websites. It gained popularity for many stories, drawing attention to themselves. This is a traditional TV news channel expanded into technology news. CNN is one of the most influential websites because of its TV channel popularity among adults and the elderly.
NBC News is popular for releasing controversial news. It raises different opinions from various people. The engagement among people within the NBC news channel, sharing the news, and high involvement made NBC news a highly visited website. NBC is also a traditional news channel that worked its way into the world wide web to be globally present.
Associated press news
Also known as AP news, is one of the trustworthy news websites. AP press news is a non-profit allowing different stories to be published unbiased. The gained trust from viewers is its asset.
The other popular news websites include NPR, C-Span, The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, The Economist and The Christian Science monitor. These are the trustworthy news websites, making people crosscheck in these websites about certain facts. However, many traditional newspapers have expanded into websites and running more successfully than ever. The New York times for New Yorkers, The Hindu for Indians and The LA times for Los Angeles are preferable for respective locales, due to their unending bond from years. Hence, local news websites are honored to provide accurate news from time to time.…
Increased state surveillance, wide spread concern regarding data sharing and countless security breaches have spooked many of us into the desire to protect our privacy. DuckDuckGo is a search engine that is being built secretly under the radar for almost nine years however it has found its stride in the current climate.
What is DuckDuckGo
How is it distinct from other search engines?
Whenever you click on links such as Google and Bing even on private mode then you will realize that the search terms are sent to the site that you are visiting in the HTTP referrer header. Once you get to visit that site the computer automatically shares the information such as your IP address and this kind of information can be used to identify you. DuckDuckGo offers an encrypted version that automatically changes the links from various major sites to the point of encrypted versions including Twitter, Facebook, Wikipedia and Amazon.
Availability of Tor?
The best way to prevent search leakage is through the use of search proxy. DuckDuckGo operates a so-called Tor exit enclave which aims at getting end-to-end anonymous and encrypted searching. All you need to do is enter proxy domain into the DuckDuckGo and it will automatically route you through a proxy but proxies can be slow especially the free proxies which are funded by advertising.
How do they make money?
As much as most of the websites and search engines collect the data from you to sell to other advertisers, DuckDuckGo takes a very different approach which is the use of keywords. For example, whenever you type in mortgage you get a mortgage ad, if you type in car you get a car ad.
Do they give information to police?
DuckDuckGo doesn’t receive law enforcement requests because they do not receive data request. The law enforcement officials understand that DuckDuckGo doesn’t collect information from clients hence they have nothing to offer them. Most of the laws are about turning the existing business records and they do not have any necessary records to turn to. DuckDuckGo may be just one of those competitors that is rivaling google. Incase you are looking for privacy then you are in the right place. The search engine has a lot more to offer.
DuckDuckGo search features
DuckDuckGo doesn’t have the resources like Google has, however it is making considerable efforts and improvements every year.…